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2,6-DICHLOROBENZONITRILE

Dichlobenil; 2,6-Dichlorobenzoic acid nitrile; DCBN; 2,6-Dichlorbenzonitril (German); 2,6-DBN;

CAS NO:

1194-65-6

  • Türü                :
  • Formülü          : C6H3Cl2(CN)
  • EINECS NO.  : 214-787-5
  • Mol Agırlığı    : 172.01
  • H.S. CODE     : 2926.90
  • Zehililik          :
  • Türevleri        :
  • Kütlesi           :
  • Ekleyen          : Kimyahane Editr

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
PHYSICAL STATE white crystalline powder
MELTING POINT

143 - 146 C

BOILING POINT 270 C
SPECIFIC GRAVITY

 

SOLUBILITY IN WATER insoluble
pH  
VAPOR DENSITY  
AUTOIGNITION

 

NFPA RATINGS  
REFRACTIVE INDEX  
FLASH POINT

 

STABILITY Stable under ordinary conditions. Flammable solid
APPLICATIONS

Nitrile is an organic compounds containing cyano group (-C≡N, containing trivalent nitrogen) which is attached to one carbon atom with the general formula RC≡N. Their names are corresponding to carboxylic acids by changing '-ic acid' to the suffix, '-onitrile' which denotes only the ≡N atom (triply bound) excluding the carbon atom attached to it, or  the suffix, '-carbonitrile' where the carbon atom in the -CN is included, whichever preserves a single letter O. Examples are acetonitrile from acetic acid and benzonitrile from benzoic acid. The prefix,  'cyano-' is used as an alternative naming system to indicate the presence of a nitrile group in a molecule for the compounds of salts and organic derivatives of hydrogen cyanide (HC≡N). Isocyanides are salts and hydrocarbyl derivatives from the isomer, HN+≡C-. Sodium cyanide, NaCN; potassium cyanide, KCN; calcium cyanide, Ca(CN)2; and hydrocyanic (or prussic) acid, HCN are examples. Chemically, the simple inorganic cyanides resemble chlorides in many ways. Organic nitriles act as solvents and are reacted further for various application including;

  · Extraction solvent for fatty acids, oils and unsaturated hydrocarbons
  · Solvent for spinning and casting and extractive distillation based on its     selective miscibility with organic compounds.
  · Removing agent of colouring matters and aromatic alcohols
  · Non-aqueous solvent for titrations and for inorganic salts
  · Recrystallization of steroids
  · Parent compound for organic synthesis
  · Solvent or chemical intermediate in biochemistry ( pesticide sequencing and     DNA synthesis)
  · High-pressure liquid chromatographic analysis
  · Catalyst and component of transition-metal complex catalysts
  · Stabilizer for chlorinated solvents
  · Chemical intermediate and solvent for perfumes and pharmaceuticals

Although nitriles don't have a carbonyl group, they are often considered as derivatives of carboxylic acids. Nitrile undergoes acid hydrolysis to form a carboxylic acid. Nitrile is reduced to form amine in the presence of nickel catalyst. Grignard reagents add to nitriles, forming a relatively stable imino derivative which can be hydrolyzed to a ketone. Metaloimine is hydrolyzed to give beta-ketoester. Nitrile undergoes a sequence of nucleophilic additions with an alcohol under acid catalysis, called nitrile alcoholysis. Nitriles are hydrolyzed to carboxylic acids, alcoholyzed to esters, reduced to amines, cyclyzed to pyridine derivatives.

Benzonitrile, derived mainly from benzoic acid reaction with lead thiocyanate by heating, is a clear liquid; boils at 191 C; It reacts violently with strong acids to produce toxic hydrogen cyanide. It decomposes on heating producing very toxic fumes, hydrogen cyanide, nitrous oxides.  Benzonitrile is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, dyestuffs and rubber chemicals through the reactions of alkylation, condensation, esterification, hydrolysis, halogenation or nitration. Benzonitrile and its derivatives are used in the manufacture of lacquers, polymers and anhydrous metallic salts as well as intermediates for pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and other organic chemicals. 2,6-Dichlorobenzonitrile is used in formulating herbicides and for the synthesis of other chemical intermediate.


SALES SPECIFICATION  

COLOR, APHA

 
APPEARANCE

clear to slightly greenish liquid

CHEMICAL PURITY  
OPTICAL PUIRTY  
TRANSPORTATION  
PACKING 25kgs in fibe rdrum
HAZARD CLASS  
UN NO.  
OTHER INFORMATION
Hazard Symbols: XN, Risk Phrases: 21, Safety Phrases: 36/37






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